This land inhabited by the Umbri, Etruschi and Galli Senoni, was dominated by the Romans through the councils of Sentinum, Suasa Senonum and Forum Sempronii. Not far from the consular Flaminia road were discovered the famous Bronzi Dorati from Cartoceto in Pergola (the gilt bronzes) (I century B.C.), in Santa Lucia di Calamello, on 26 June 1946. Today they are kept in the Museo dei Bronzi Dorati e della Città di Pergola (museum of the gilt bronzes and the city of Pergola) , where there is also an art gallery, a vast collection of coins and archeological section.
Founded in 1234, in a territory inhabited since pre-historic times and subsequently by Umbrians, Etruschans, Celts and Romans, Pergola became identified as a city of art. The town centre is rich in architecture with constructions in stone, towers, pointed doorways and bass reliefs, in addition of numerous and important religious buildings which are evidence of the town’s influence in the past.
Pergola’s most excellent product is its wine: Pergola D.O.C. and the typical sour cherry wine, made by several local producers. Not to be missed are the Fiera Nazionale del Tartufo Bianco Pregiato di Pergola e dei prodotti tipici (national festival of prized white truffle and typical products), the Festa del Vino (wine festival), and the CioccoVisciola di Natale (chocolate sour cherry Christmas festival), the combined festival of sour cherry wine and chocolate celebrated in the Christmas period.